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Science

Balderstone St Leonard’s Church of England Primary School

Reflective and Innovative Teaching and Learning

Science Curriculum

 

Overall Intent

Purpose of study

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.

Aims

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future

 

Curriculum Map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EYFS

Explore the natural world around them, making observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants; - Know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them and contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class; - Understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around them, including the seasons and changing states of matter.

KS!

Working Scientifically

  • asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways
  • observing closely, using simple equipment
  • performing simple tests
  • identifying and classifying
  • using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions
  • gathering and recording data to help in answering questions

 

 

Animals Including Humans

Living Things and their habitats

Plants

Materials

KS1

Name common animals

Know the terms herbivore, omnivore, carnivore

 

Know categories of animals

 

Draw basic parts of the human body

 

Know the senses

 

Animals and humans have offspring

What to animals and humans need to survive?

Diet, exercise, keeping healthy

 

Dead and alive

Habitats

Food chains

Name common plants

Describe the basic parts of flowers and plants

 

Growing seeds and bulbs

What plants need to grow

Everyday materials

How can the shapes of materials be changed?

Lower KS2

Working Scientifically

  • asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
  • making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
  • gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
  • recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables
  • reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions
  • using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
  • identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes
  • using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.

 

Animals Including Humans

Living Things and their habitats

Plants

Rocks

Materials

Forces i

Electricity

Light and Sound

Earth In Space

Lower KS2

Nutrition

Skeletons Muscles

 

Changes as humans develop to old age

 

Digestive system

Teeth

Food chains

Classification

Environments

Parts of plants

What plants need to grow

Plant reproduction

Rocks

Fossils

Soil

Solids, liquids, gases

Heating and cooling

Evaporation and condensation

Forces and Magnets

Circuits

Components

Conductors Insulators

Light and Dark

Reflections

Shadows

 

How sounds are made.

How sounds travel

Pitch and vibration.

 

Upper KS2

Working Scientifically

  • planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  • taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate
  • recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs
  • using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests
  • reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and a degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations
  • identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments
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Animals Including Humans

Living Things and their habitats

Evolution and Inheritance

Materials

Forces

Light and Sound

Earth In Space

Upper KS2

 

Circulation

Diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle

Lifecycle reproduction in plants and animals

Classification

Change over time

Fossils

Reproduction

Adaptation

Properties of materials

Uses of materials

Solids, Liquids, Gases

Reversible and irreversible change

Gravity, air resistance, water resistance, friction, mechanisms

 

Voltage of Cells

Components

Representative diagrams

Light

How light travels

Reflection

Earth, sun, moon

Earth’s rotation

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