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Geography

Geography Curriculum

Key Stage 1

Balderstone St Leonard’s Church of England Primary School

Reflective and Innovative Teaching and Learning

Curriculum

 

Geography: Key Stage 1

Locational Knowledge

Place Knowledge

Human and Physical Geography

Skills and Fieldwork

name, locate and identify characteristics of the four

countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

name and locate the world’s seven continents

and five oceans

understand geographical similarities and differences

through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom

and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles

use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil,

valley, vegetation, season and weather

city, town, village, factory,

farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

Use world maps, atlases and globes

Use simple compass directions

Use aerial photos, construct simple maps

Undertake simple fieldwork within school locality

Year 1

Know the names of the four countries that make up the UK

Know the names of the three main seas that surround the UK

Know the name of and locate the four capital cities of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

Know the name of the nearest town or city

Know and name the characteristics of the local area

Know features of hot and cold places in the world

Know where the equator, North Pole and South Pole are on a globe

Know which is the hottest and coldest season in the UK

Know and recognise main weather symbols

Know the main differences between city, town and village

Know which is N, E, S and W on a compass

Know their address, including postcode

Know that all streets have a name, including post code

Know how to follow a simple road map

Talk about the features in their local environment

Year 2

Know the names of and locate the seven continents of the world

Know the names of and locate the five oceans of the world

Know why so many important buildings are located in London

Know the main differences between a place in England and that of a small place in a non-European country

Identify the following physical features: mountain, lake, island, valley, river, cliff, forest and beach

Explain some of the advantages and disadvantages of living in a city or village.

Know and use the terminologies: left and right; below, next to

Know the name of the nearest town or city and locate it on a map of the UK

Locate a number of cities on a map of the UK

Make a model, using road strips and toy buildings that shows features in an area

Talk about the main differences between a world map and a globe

       

 

Geography Curriculum

Key Stage 2 

Balderstone St Leonard’s Church of England Primary School

Reflective and Innovative Teaching and Learning

Curriculum

 

Geography: Key Stage 2

Geographical skills and fieldwork

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.

Use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world

Year 3

Use maps to locate European countries and capitals

Use a globe to gain a better understanding about countries’ location (USA and Russia, for example)

Use maps to locate European countries and capitals

Know and name the eight points of a compass

Talk about the features in their local environment and compare it with another they know

Year 4

Use maps and globes to locate the equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and the Greenwich Meridian

Distinguish between the Northern and Southern hemisphere on both a world map and a globe

Know how to plan a journey within the UK, using a road map

Make a model to show part of the local area, e.g. parks, shopping precinct, etc.

Year 5

Know how to use graphs to record features such as temperature or rainfall across the world

Use appropriate special language when giving directions

Know most of the symbols used on a UK road map, including status of roads

Know some of the main features of a satnav

Know what most of the ordnance survey symbols stand for

Year 6

Use Google Earth to locate a country or place of interest and to follow the journey of rivers, etc.

Know how to use Digi maps

Be familiar with topographical maps and know about contours, etc

Know how to use six-figure grid references

Know what is meant by latitude and longitude

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